D6.3 Quantitative analysis of land holdings abd land market trends Output #5

Section title:  5.1.2.2 Alentejo

Highlights:
Alentejo has a history of large farms with many landless labourers who lived in poor conditions. Although Alentejo is dominated by large scale latifundia type of farms, there are smaller areas with smaller scale farms. The Alentejo NUTS 3 regions have very high scores on the EEA (2019) defined land cover flow ‘withdrawal from farming’ between 2000 and 2018. Baixo Alentejo has (with 25,185 hectares) the highest withdrawal from farming score of all NUTS 3 regions in the EU. These high dynamics in land uses are not being reflected by a high dynamic on the land market. Furthermore, due to mechanisation there is no need any more for farmworkers, so the area is facing population decline. The Alentejo region shows that large changes in land use do not always have the consequence that unequal relationships will be addressed. It is just that landowners take decisions to exploit their lands in other ways. In many of these regions, there has been a large outflux of population, which implies that new beginnings may provide new opportunities for novel types of farmers. However, access to land is not easy in this context. Having alternative farming styles without much emphasis on boosting production also means that market powers on the land market are limited.


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Country: Portugal

NUTS1 region: PT1 Continental Portugal

Type of region: Predominantly rural

RUR actor group: New Entrants and Newcomers

Local authority role: Other

Civil society organisation role: Other

Single persons role: Other

Politician role: Other

Rural development pathway: Rural-Urban Relations and Human Capital

Access to land pathway: Organising the accessibility of farmland

Rural development topic adressed: Lack of jobs or quality jobs, Lack of economic diversity, and Access to land